Judo is a martial art that originated in Japan around the 19th century. The martial art of Judo revolves around the goal of throwing your opponent to the ground and following up with ground maneuvers of submission or chokes. Unlike most martial arts, Judo does not have a primary base of striking attacks involving punches or kicks. The primary weapon and defense of judo is the throwing and manipulation of movement. The core curriculum revolves around this, along with pre-arranged forms known as kata, and free practice known as randori.
Founded by Jigaro Kano, Judo means the way of gentleness. The basic principle is to use the opponent’s strength against him or her and to redirect that strength and energy to one's advantage. For example, an opponent runs and attempts to punch. The Judo practicioner or Judoka will then utilize the natural energy generated by the running motion and perform a throw.
Judo is a world renowned sport and one of the very few martial arts that is represented in the Olympic games. Judo was introduced to the Olympics at the 1964 Olympic games in Tokyo. Colleges throughout Tokyo have Judo teams that compete in intercollegiate tournaments.
In the world of Mixed Martial Arts or MMA, many MMA athletes are renowned Judoka and utilize Judo throws effectively in the octagon. Fedor Emelianenko, who is often ranked as the number one heavyweight in the world, is a former Russian national judo champion. Other notable judoka MMA athletes are: Karo Parisyan of the UFC, Yoshihiro Akiyama of Pride fame, Hidehiko Yoshida of Pride fame, and Shinya Aoki.
Most grappling styles, such as Sambo and Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, will attribute Judo as their origination. This is further